Does a person with HIV have AIDS?
A chronic, potentially fatal condition, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By damaging your immune system. If a person with HIV doesn’t seek treatment in the early years, it may lead to him having AIDS. HIV weakens your body’s ability to fight infection and disease.
HIV is a sexually transmitted illness that affects both men and women (STI). It can also be transferred by contact with infected blood, as well as through the use of illicit injectable drugs or the sharing of needles.
During pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding, it can also be passed from mother to kid. It could take years without medicine for HIV to damage your immune system to the point where you develop AIDS.
The term AIDS refers to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is the last stage of HIV infection. It occurs when the body’s immune system is severely harmed by a virus.
Not every person with HIV develops AIDS. Therefore, HIV is a virus that affects the immune system, and AIDS is a term that can only be applied when HIV has caused significant immune system damage.
HIV and AIDS:
Every person with HIV has the virus, however, not every person with HIV will get AIDS. Because people living with HIV now have a variety of treatment options, fewer people are contracting AIDS. Those who develop AIDS are frequently those who have never been tested for HIV and have never received treatment. AIDS-related death can be avoided after HIV treatment is started. Therefore, HIV is a virus that affects the immune system, and AIDS is a term that can only be applied when HIV has caused significant immune system damage.
HIV has a different route of transmission. It can be spread through:
- Through unprotected sex with an HIV-positive person. This is the most typical method of transmission
- Surgical needles are shared
- contact with the blood of an HIV-positive individual
- During pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding, from mother to baby
Symptoms of HIV/AIDS:
Symptoms similar to the flu may be the initial signs of HIV infection. The commonly seen symptoms in people with HIV include:
- High fever
- Sweats at night
- Muscle pain
- Throat infection Fatigue
- Lymph nodes swollen
- Ulcers in the mouth
If these symptoms appear and disappear within two to four weeks for a person with HIV, it can be the stage of Acute HIV infection.
It develops chronic HIV infection if the infection is not treated. During this period, there are usually no symptoms. If left untreated, the infection will progressively impair your immune system. AIDS will then develop as a result of the infection. HIV infection has progressed to this stage. Your immune system is severely harmed if you have AIDS. You can get increasingly severe infections.
HIV infection has no cure, however, it can be managed with medication. This is known as antiretroviral therapy (ART) (ART). HIV infection can be made into a tolerable chronic illness with the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART). It also lowers the danger of the infection spreading from a person with HIV to others. There are a variety of drugs available to help manage HIV and prevent complications.
When a person with HIV starts and maintains antiretroviral therapy (ART), they have a better chance of living a long and healthy life. It’s also critical to look for oneself. Having the support you need, leading a healthy lifestyle, and receiving regular medical care can all contribute to a higher quality of life.
Antiretroviral therapy is the name for these drugs (ART). ART should be begun for every person with HIV, regardless of their stage of infection or comorbidities.
ART usually consists of a combination of two or more drugs from several pharmacological classes. This method provides the best probability of reducing HIV levels in the blood. Many ART methods combine numerous HIV drugs into a single pill that is taken once a day.
- Each medicine class works in a different way to stop the infection. Combinations of medications from several types are used in treatment to:
- Individual medication resistance must be taken into consideration (viral genotype)
- Attempt to avoid the emergence of new HIV strains that are resistant to treatment.
- Increase virus suppression in the blood
Medication for HIV/AIDS:
The amount of HIV (viral load) in your body is reduced by HIV/AIDS medications, which help allow your immune system to recuperate. Your immune system should be robust enough to combat infections and certain HIV-related malignancies even if you still have some HIV in your body lowering your chances of infecting others with HIV.
Within one to six months of starting antiretroviral therapy as prescribed, the majority of a person with HIV attain an undetectable viral load.
You can lower your chances of spreading HIV/AIDS by:
- Getting an HIV test
- Choosing sexual activities that are less dangerous. Limiting the number of sexual partners you choose for sexual activities.
- Getting screened for sexually transmitted illnesses and receiving treatment (STDs)
- Drugs should not be injected
- Speaking with your doctor about HIV prevention medications if you are at high risk for contracting HIV
How long does HIV take to become AIDS?
HIV is a virus. It may cause AIDS after you’ve been infected for several years and it has weakened your immune system. Not every person with HIV has AIDS. But the infection does advance to AIDS, usually in 10-15 years, if you don’t get treated with antiretroviral drugs.
What stage of HIV leads to AIDS?
How did HIV start in the first place?
HIV came from a species of chimpanzee in Central Africa. The chimpanzee version of the virus ( Simian Immunodeficiency Virus, or SIV) was probably passed to humans when humans hunted these chimpanzees for their meat and came in contact with their infected blood.
How does HIV/Aids affect a person’s life?
A person with HIV can increase the chances of having stress, anxiety, and depression. In addition, some opportunistic infections can affect the nervous system, resulting in behavior and thinking changes.
Can you live a full life with HIV?
People with HIV can live a normal lifespan with the right treatment and care. You can increase your life expectancy by not smoking and having a better and healthy lifestyle.